The confederates, plundering an old Union shipyard that had been razed in a fire, managed to save an old steam powered frigate previously known as the USS Merrimack.
He had her towed down to Craney Island in Portsmouth, where the gang were taken ashore, and then she was set afire. The shot flew past Monitor and struck Minnesota, which answered with a broadside; this began what would be a lengthy engagement.
Lawrence and the steam frigates Roanoke and Minnesota  were near Fort Monroe, along with the storeship Brandywine. Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jones had directed much of the conversion of Merrimack to Virginia, and he was disappointed when he was not named her captain.
Having witnessed the destruction of Cumberland, men aboard the Congress no longer doubted the seriousness of the threat and saw no hope of standing up against the rebel ironclad.
The North had to purchase shipping vessels, strengthened their decks, loaded them with guns, and sent them to serve on the blockade.
At first, Jones believed the strange craft—which one Confederate sailor mocked as "a cheese on a raft"—to be a boiler being towed from the Minnesota, not realizing the nature of his opponent.
Shots from Cumberland, Congress, and Union troops ashore had riddled her smokestack, reducing her already low speed. It is located in Msgr McGolrick Park. Enraged, Buchanan ordered to reopen fire on the already disabled and helpless Congress. This made a very important era of technology development and a record to be remembered for years to come.
By the end of the day the Virginia had lost two guns, two sailors and had several iron plates had loosened while she had been responsible for deaths and the loss of two war ships.
Engineers designed three brand new ships to be built.
Many more were built, including river monitorsand they played key roles in Civil War battles on the Mississippi and James rivers. On the first day of battle this ship was responsible for the death of hundred sailors while only losing two of its own.
Two of her crew were killed, and more were wounded. Wordento the neglect of others. Men inside the Virginia could only imagine what was really happening outside. Ordinarily, the ship would have been led by a captain of the Confederate States Navy, to be determined by the rigid seniority system that was in place.
In the past decade many eyewitness accounts have come in describing more about the entirety of the battle. When they were passing the Union batteries at Newport News, Patrick Henry was temporarily disabled by a shot in her boiler that killed four of her crew.
It was Lieutenant John Mercer Brooke who urged Mallory the construction of an iron-plated warship and submitted to him an initial design. In response the union decided that their own ironclad would need to immediately be created.
Mallory evaded the issue by appointing Buchanan, head of the Office of Orders and Detail, flag officer in charge of the defenses of Norfolk and the James River. The confederate captain Franklin Buchanan was aware of the danger ahead thus he attacked the nearby Union ship Weider History Network The armor of both ships proved adequate.
However, while the design proved exceptionally well-suited for river combat, the low profile and heavy turret caused poor seaworthiness in rough waters.
The attack was therefore suspended. Virginia left with the expectation of returning the next day and completing the task. The issue was a manifestation of the conflict over the future direction of national development: Futhermore, the North had been increasing the size of their fleet through the purchases they made which the Confederacy had no hope of matching.
A CSS Merrimac  did actually exist. On April 4, she was able to leave drydock. Not only did the two ships not fight each other, neither ship ever fought again after March 9. Seeing what had accorded to the Cumberland the captain of the Congress, Lieutenant Joseph Smith, in a last resort grounded his ship in shallow water where the Virginia could not ram them.
Jones knew that he was going to destroy Minnesota since it was aground and therefore could not run nor destroy the CSS Merrimack Civil War Trust, As such, he could control the movements of Virginia.
Unlike conventional battleships, it had no masts and no sails of any kind. Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jones had directed much of the conversion of Merrimack to Virginia, and he was disappointed when he was not named her captain.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In response the union decided that their own ironclad would need to immediately be created. Impressed by the ease with which the Virginia had sunk the Cumberland, naval architects began to incorporate rams into their hull designs.
Both parties deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish.
CSS Virginia retired and the battle was over. Mar 08, · Watch video · Battle of Hampton Roads: March 9, The next day, the USS Monitor steamed into the Chesapeake Bay.
Battle of Hampton Roads Essay Words Dec 31st, 4 Pages Battle of Hampton Roads A decade ago naval warfare changed forever in the two-day Battle of Hampton Roads between the Elizabeth and James River.
The Battle of Hampton Roads Essay Sample. The history of the battle of Hampton roads between the two ironsides ships is a remarkable era of naval warship that took place in March between USS Monitor and Merrimack CSS Virginia (Civil War Trust, ). It was a two day war that left a record in the history of naval war era.
The Civil War Trust's Battle of Hampton Roads page includes battle maps, history articles, historical facts, recommended books, web links, and more on this battle of Civil War ironclads in Virginia. The Civil War Trust's Battle of Hampton Roads page includes battle maps, history articles, historical facts, recommended books, web links, and more on this battle of Civil War ironclads in Virginia.
Battle of Hampton Roads Essay Words | 4 Pages. Battle of Hampton Roads A decade ago naval warfare changed forever in the two-day Battle of Hampton Roads between the Elizabeth and James River.The battle of hampton roads essay